Bicycles glossary

Bicycles and Scooters
Bicycles and Scooters

Bicycles 5

Mountain Bike – This type has extremely durable wheels and parts, horizontal handle bars, wide treaded tires, as it is designed for cycling off-road. Its sub-categories are the cross-country, free-ride, and downhill types. Some special features include disc brakes that are either mechanical or hydraulic, different suspension systems, likes gas shock or coiled spring. Gears vary widely, ranging from 20 to 30 gears, with ratios from very low to very high.
Racing Bike – Speed is the main purpose for this type of bike. Its sub-categories include track, road and time trial bikes. They typically have limited gear range, with ratios that are medium to vastly high, to allow the user to choose settings to match his or her pedaling speed to allow high efficiency and optimum results. These bikes’ frames are typically lightweight, with parts having the least possible number of accessories. These also have lowered handlebars that allow riding positions that are so called aerodynamic.
Utility Bike – This type of bicycle is probably the most practical of the bunch for day-to-day cycling. The rider will typically be in an upright position when riding it. Its design is meant for daily commuting, running errands, and shopping. The wheels and frames tend to be in the middle to heavy weight range, with internal hub gear. It also has a handful of practical accessories, like a detachable metal basket.
Touring Bicycle – This type is meant for bicycle touring, often specialized for long journeys. These can be quite durable, comfortable, as well as capable of carrying luggage. It can feature just about any type of gearing system, depending on the rider’s preference.
Recumbent Bike – The recumbent bike is an odd-looking one, in that it makes use of seats with back support, even allowing a “reclined” riding position. In the US, this is sometimes called a Bent. Its design is meant for maximizing comfort, while reducing resistance to the wind. The diamond type frame in most other types of bikes is not used in the recumbent bike; it typically makes use of the boom-and-triangle frame, with the chains and pedals positioned at the façade of the boom, while steering bars are positioned under or over the seat in the middle.
Multiple-Rider Bikes – In bikes allowing multiple riders at once, the users are typically positioned front to back, though some may be designed for side-by-side riding. A two-rider bike is called twin or tandem, while the three-rider is called triplet. Quadruplet bikes have also been made.

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